ABAP System Log

The SAP System logs all system errors, warnings, user locks due to failed logon attempts from known users, and process messages in the system log. There are to two different types of logs created by the system log:

  • Local Logs: Each SAP System application server has a local log that receives all the messages output by this server.
  • Central Logs: You can also designate a server to maintain a central log. This server collects the messages from the other application servers and writes these messages to the central log. 

Use transaction SM21 to access the system log output screen.

 

Advanced Integration Monitoring Setup

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To be able to monitor interfaces of an on-premise system you first have to add it to Interface & Cloud Monitoring and select the monitoring categories you want to monitor for the system. 

  1. Open the Advanced Integration Monitoring Application by clicking on the 'Integration & Cloud Monitoring' tile in transaction FRUN
  2. Click on the pinwheel in the upper right corner of the 'Integration & Cloud Monitoring' application
  3. In the configuration panel expand the 'Technical Systems' tray and click on the pen icon in the upper right corner. This will open the 'Integration and Cloud Monitoring - Systems' view. 
  4. If your system is not on the list yet, click the 'Add' button to add it. If it is on the list, click on the system ID of the system. 

In the next step, you see all monitoring categories which are available for the system, depending on the system type and the installed software components. Some recommended standard monitoring categories are preselected.

Select the monitoring categories in scope.

Available Monitoring Categories

The available monitoring categories are:

  • ABAP System Log: System Log entries in the ABAP system (Monitoring transaction SM21)

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After selecting your monitoring categories you have to maintain filters to define what exactly you want to monitor. Some monitoring categories come with standard filters that usually just select all items of this monitoring category. Focused Run can handle this high amount of monitoring data, so you can stick to this standard filters. Or you can set up filters of your own. You can create more than one filter for a monitoring category.

Available Filter Options

For ABAP System Log monitoring, you can collect all ABAP System log entries in the managed system. You can also use the following filter parameters, to restrict the data collection:

ABAP System Log

  • Message Id: System log message key (see SM21)
  • Program: The program causing the system log entry (see SM21 → Session Details → Program)
  • User: The user causing the system log entry (see SM21)

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The setup of the filters for the monitoring categories only makes sure that the data is collected, however, alerts are not created automatically. To create alerts and notifications you have to create an alert individually. If you didn't use specific filters in the setup before, but rather opted to collect all data, you have to create filters for the alerts.

  1. Click on the 'New Alert' button in the upper right corner of the alerts table. A new panel will appear below the table for you to enter the alert information
  2. Select the monitoring category
  3. Select the metric name. The available metrics depend on the monitoring category.
  4. Enter a name for the alert
  5. Enter a name for the filter

In the next sub-step, you have to maintain the filter. The filter values are the same as described above. For some metrics, you have to maintain metric parameters. Find details below in the overview of the available metrics.

In the last sub-step you have to activate the alert:

  1. Check the checkbox next to 'Active'
  2. You can adjust the calculation frequency and the severity
  3. Available threshold types depend on the metric selected. If the threshold type allows it you can adjust the threshold value which triggers the alert.
  4. Select the notification variant and the outbound connector variant from the drop-down list.

For single exceptions, the threshold type is always 'Already Rated'. This means depending on the calculation frequency the number of exceptions is checked and an alert is created if this number is bigger than 0. If you want to reduce the number of alert for these metrics, you could increase the value for the calculation frequency to increase the time between checks.

Available Metrics

For System Log monitoring the following metrics are collected:

ABAP System Log 

  • ABAP Syslog exceptions: Indicates that ABAP System Log errors were collected during the last collection